Surge in U.S. measles cases leads to extraordinary measures

People walking past a sign warning about measles outside a health clinic in the Williamsburg neighbourhood of Brooklyn

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention says measles cases in the US have hit a 25-year high, therefore it urges people to check their vaccination status.

In light of the rapid uptick in cases, President Donald Trump reversed his previous stance on vaccinations and their supposed link to autism, instead urging the public to get their kids vaccinated.

"I think the city is right and Rockland County is right and our Health Department on the state side is working with them both to enforce the public health decree", Cuomo said. Sixty people have been hospitalized, and the case numbers continue to climb, although in some regions, like the Pacific Northwest, outbreaks have subsided. Most of these cases, as well as those in Rockland County, have involved members of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community where misinformation on the safety of vaccines has spread.

Though it was technically eliminated from the United States in 2000, measles is making a comeback.

While two doses of the vaccine are recommended for children, a single dose of the measles vaccine should be sufficient for an adult.

The department has Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine for children and adults. The World Health Organization recently reported there were three times as many measles cases worldwide this year as there were in the first quarter of 2018.

"Vaccination is the best way to prevent the spread of this highly contagious disease, and we want to remove any barriers that may prevent Hoosiers from being protected during this nationwide outbreak", said Indiana Health Commissioner Dr. Kris Box.

The current measles outbreak has many people questioning if they're safe.

The issue of adult immunization is particularly important for people who are planning to travel overseas, especially to a country experiencing high levels of measles.

The news comes as lawmakers in NY announced they are introducing legislation that would remove all non-medical exemptions from vaccine requirements for children in the state.

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ARPHS had contacted more than 2000 Aucklanders who may have been exposed to measles so far this year.

Officials say it depends on a few factors: if you were vaccinated, when you were vaccinated, or if you lost documentation proving you got the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) shot. The initial child with measles was unvaccinated and acquired measles on a visit to Israel, where a large outbreak of the disease is occurring. Before the measles vaccination program started in 1963, an estimated 3 to 4 million people got measles each year in the United States.

As argued in Vox, "Had these travelers and their families been vaccinated, we wouldn't have measles here".

Persons may be uncertain whether they are protected from measles; others may believe that they are protected when in fact they are not.

When was the measles vaccine invented?

The CDC said 6 of the 13 outbreaks have been linked to underimmunized close-knit communities, which make up 88% of all cases. Save the Children vaccinated more than 180,000 children in two districts in Madagascar, and the nonprofit added that the health ministry is reporting a decline in the number of new cases.

The Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) says incoming calls about where to get the measles vaccine have doubled in the last two days, after reports of a possible measles exposure in Halifax earlier this month.

The two doses of the MMR vaccine are mandatory for children.

Nearly 97% of Pennsylvania kindergartners in public and private schools had two doses of the MMR vaccine during the 2017-18 school year.

Teens and adults should also be up to date on their MMR vaccination.

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